Writing a lit review for dummies

The Allyn and Bacon Handbook. Body paragraphs Each body paragraph should deal with a different theme that is relevant to your topic. The body could include paragraphs on: historical background previous studies on the topic mainstream versus alternative viewpoints general conclusions that are being drawn. Is there an aspect of the field that is missing? This section of the literature review focuses on the theme of wilderness, while the paragraph itself is organized chronologically. Try sorting through some other current bibliographies or literature reviews in the field to get a sense of what your discipline expects. Cover all points of view on the issue It would be great, if you reflect on the same problem in the context of your area. For professionals, they are useful reports that keep them up to date with what is current in the field. However, if you choose this strategy, be careful to avoid simply listing and summarizing sources in order. Literature reviews provide you with a handy guide to a particular topic. What is a literature review, then? Find books in the library that are relevant and check them out. For people writing literature reviews for articles or books, this system also could work, especially when you are writing in a field with which you are already familiar.

The narrower your topic, the easier it will be to limit the number of sources you need to read in order to get a good survey of the material. Anson, Chris M.

Sample literature review for research paper

Methodological: A methodological approach differs from the two above in that the focusing factor usually does not have to do with the content of the material. Use that mini-conceptual schema to write up your literature review based on the excerpts that you have in front of you. Some short quotes here and there are okay, though, if you want to emphasize a point, or if what the author said just cannot be rewritten in your own words. It should not take more than two or three dedicated sessions. The Allyn and Bacon Handbook. Are there weaknesses that need to be addressed? Lamb, Sandra E. What other sections you include in the body is up to you. Chronological The simplest approach is to trace the development of the topic over time. Step 4: Write your literature review Like any other academic text, your literature review should have an introduction , a main body, and a conclusion. Move around the slips of paper until you come up with a way of organizing the codes that makes sense. A literature review in this sense is just like any other academic research paper. However, if you choose this strategy, be careful to avoid simply listing and summarizing sources in order. However, sometimes literature reviews are produced as research reports in their own right. A review organized in this manner would shift between time periods within each section according to the point made.

How well do they present the material and do they portray it according to an appropriate theory? And in what order should you present them?

literature review structure

Create an organizational method to focus this section even further. Sometimes a literature review is written as a paper in itself.

How to write literature review for thesis

Anson, Chris M. You can use it to discuss various theories, models, and definitions of key concepts. At postgraduate level literature reviews can be incorporated into an article, a research report or thesis. There are a few goals of a literature review: Show your awareness of the topic It is crucial to find all the information you can. Do this for each article and book that you have in your stack of literature. The Allyn and Bacon Handbook. However, sometimes literature reviews are produced as research reports in their own right. How well do they present the material and do they portray it according to an appropriate theory? This means that you will not just simply list your sources and go into detail about each one of them, one at a time. Here is a sample paragraph from a literature review about sexism and language to illuminate the following discussion: However, other studies have shown that even gender-neutral antecedents are more likely to produce masculine images than feminine ones Gastil, This depends on the types of studies that you include in your review.

Consider whether your sources are current Some disciplines require that you use information that is as current as possible. Methodological: A methodological approach differs from the two above in that the focusing factor usually does not have to do with the content of the material.

how to write a literature review example

Spending a lot of time revising is a wise idea, because your main objective is to present the material, not the argument. What types of sources books, journal articles, websites?

Writing a lit review for dummies

Conclusion In the conclusion, you should summarize the key findings you have taken from the literature and emphasize their significance. Berkeley, Calif. Are there weaknesses that need to be addressed? But if you find yourself wanting to put in more quotes, check with your instructor. Some short quotes here and there are okay, though, if you want to emphasize a point, or if what the author said just cannot be rewritten in your own words. But these articles refer to some British biological studies performed on whales in the early 18th century. A summary is a recap of the important information of the source, but a synthesis is a re-organization, or a reshuffling, of that information. Body: Contains your discussion of sources and is organized either chronologically, thematically, or methodologically see below for more information on each. This part is usually divided into several paragraphs, each of them covers a specific aspect of the topic. But more authentic thematic reviews tend to break away from chronological order. Depending on the length of your literature review, you can combine several of these strategies—for example, your overall structure might be thematic, but each theme is discussed chronologically. In a research paper, you use the literature as a foundation and as support for a new insight that you contribute.

A systematic review aims to answer a specific question, which must be clarified at the outset. So you check those out. Repeat this for each section of your literature review.

literature review template

Body: Contains your discussion of sources and is organized either chronologically, thematically, or methodologically see below for more information on each.

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How to Write a Literature Review