Write an encyclopedia entry about a domestic animal

Domesticated farm animals

From marriage payments to compensations for homicide, cattle played a key role as a medium of exchange in the establishing and repairing of social relations. Courtesy altapulken. Effects on Humans Domesticating plants marked a major turning point for humans: the beginning of an agricultural way of life and more permanent civilizations. Stammler They were used primarily for meat production, frequently sold as hamburger. Herbivores eat plant material directly, while carnivores, and other animals on higher trophic levels , typically acquire energy in the form of reduced carbon by eating other animals. Based on this finding, the researchers suggested that wild horses were tamed independently in several different parts of the world. As we discuss in the second part of this essay, this division of labour — between the biological study of humans as animals and the social study of humans as radically unlike other animals — is beginning to show signs of strain. Goatherd: Someone who cares primarily for goats. But once cats were finally domesticated, their popularity was enormous. Dogs possess many juvenile characteristics of wolves, including submissive behavior, short jaws, and smaller brains. Domesticated species are not wild. Their horns grow outward, and curve in a semicircle, but always remain more or less on the plane of the forehead.

The easiest animals to domesticate are herbivores that graze on vegetation, because they are easiest to feed: They do not need humans to kill other animals to feed them, or to grow special crops. In sponges, blastula larvae swim to a new location, attach to the seabed, and develop into a new sponge.

Sheep were domesticated from the Asiatic moufflon Ovis orientalisa grass grazer found in hills and foothills. In carnivorous or omnivorous species, predation is a consumer-resource interaction where a predator feeds on another organism called its prey.

Their ancestor was the wild ox Bos primigeniusa browsing and grazing ruminant in forests and scrub, now extinct. Little exchange of breeding buffalo has occurred among countries, so each population has its own phenotypic features and performances.

By understanding the mechanics of genetic transmission from parent to offspring, scientists were able to breed animals in a more precise manner.

Based on this finding, the researchers suggested that wild horses were tamed independently in several different parts of the world. Retrieved September 29, Plant Domestication People first domesticated plants about 10, years ago, between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers in Mesopotamia which includes the modern countries of Iran, Iraq, Turkey, and Syria.

List of pet animals

Dave, N. The Nuer: a description of the modes of livelihood and political institutions of a Nilotic people. The oscillation between the two approaches and their recombination can be seen by briefly scanning the role of animals in successive anthropological paradigms. During floods, they will graze submerged, raising their heads above the water and carrying quantities of edible plants. Genetic pollution is at the basis of the debate on the use of GMOs in agriculture. The stimulus for this advance was probably global warming at the end of the Ice Age , which caused drought in the Near East and forced people to congregate around reliable sources of water. In Italy , the Longobard King Agilulf is said to have received water buffalo in about the year The gift in the animal: the ontology of hunting and human-animal sociality. Pigs were domesticated from the wild boar Sus scrofa around the same time as cattle. Tylor, E.

Although the great majority of domesticated animals and plants that still serve humans were selected and developed during the Neolithic Period, a few notable examples appeared later.

Humans share over sixty diseases with dogs. Albino buffaloes in TangseAceh The skin of river buffalo is black, but some specimens may have dark, slate-coloured skin. Agriculture —the cultivating of domestic plants—allowed fewer people to provide more food.

write about domestic animals

Animals domesticated for home companionship are usually called pets while those domesticated for food or work are called livestock or farm animals.

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Animal husbandry