How does literature review influence the research process

For example, "From the previous literature, what is the effect of intervention X on outcomes Y and Z" [1] is a question focusing on the goal of integrating research outcomes. Analysis and interpretation -- discussing the findings and conclusions of pertinent literature.

How to write a literature review for a research paper

The purpose is to develop a body of literature that establishes a contrarian viewpoint. Fourth edition. The synthesis of the review can be done in various ways decided by the collected data, these ways can be quantitative, qualitative or mixed approaches [1]. Initializing the search from your existing knowledge, try to use keywords or combination of the keywords Logging your searches as much informative as possible such as: where you found the articles, which articles relate to which concepts, what are your thinking and decisions from each paper, who are authors of the papers, which authors or research groups have had much influence in the specific areas, etc. Basically, there are 6 main steps mainly extracted from [1] in working on the literature. However, sometimes you may need to add additional sections that are necessary for your study, but do not fit in the organizational strategy of the body. These questions are not only lightening your search but also directing you in evaluating, analyzing and interpreting collected data; It can be thought as compass for exploring "the forest" of knowledge and finding out your own path of the review. Use Quotes Sparingly Some short quotes are okay if you want to emphasize a point, or if what an author stated cannot be easily paraphrased. It has had a very clear structure and good approach to reach the aim - presenting the current state-of-the-art of Context-aware pervasive learning environment. Literature reviews are designed to provide an overview of sources you have explored while researching a particular topic and to demonstrate to your readers how your research fits within a larger field of study. As mentioned earlier, when rigorously conducted review articles represent powerful information sources for eHealth scholars and practitioners looking for state-of-the-art evidence. New York: Russell Sage Foundation; Journal of Health Services Research and Policy.

Understanding the role and methods of meta-analysis in IS research. What learning models, if any, have been established to support pervasive learning experiences in these environments?

literature review tasks

Systematic reviews that involve the rigorous application of scientific strategies aimed at limiting subjectivity and bias i. The unit of analysis can focus on a theoretical concept or a whole theory or framework. Systematic Approaches to a Successful Literature Review.

How does literature review influence the research process

Writing narrative literature reviews for peer-reviewed journals: secrets of the trade. Put simply, a narrative review attempts to summarize or synthesize what has been written on a particular topic but does not seek generalization or cumulative knowledge from what is reviewed Davies, ; Green et al. Annals of Internal Medicine. McTigue K. A flow diagram shows the number of studies identified, screened, and included or excluded at each stage of study selection. The purpose of a literature review is to: Place each work in the context of its contribution to understanding the research problem being studied. For a more detailed definition, see the following: Write Like a Scientist: Gap Statements How do you identify the gaps? Scoping studies: advancing the methodology. Read the conclusion part to see what the authors have already done and what are left untouched. Importance of a Good Literature Review A literature review may consist of simply a summary of key sources, but in the social sciences, a literature review usually has an organizational pattern and combines both summary and synthesis, often within specific conceptual categories. Choosing review questions There is a distinction between review questions and empirical questions in a research [1]. They adhere closely to explicit scientific principles Liberati et al. In the third strategy, the review team concentrates on prior works that have been central or pivotal to a particular topic.

To achieve this ambitious objective, the authors performed a bibliometric analysis of medical informatics citations indexed in medline using publication trends, journal frequencies, impact factors, Medical Subject Headings MeSH term frequencies, and characteristics of citations.

Methodology -- were the techniques used to identify, gather, and analyze the data appropriate to addressing the research problem?

functions of literature review

It is unrealistic to expect that all these disparate actors will have the time, skills, and necessary resources to identify the available evidence in the area of their expertise and consider it when making decisions.

How have they used non-textual elements [e. Importance of a Good Literature Review A literature review may consist of simply a summary of key sources, but in the social sciences, a literature review usually has an organizational pattern and combines both summary and synthesis, often within specific conceptual categories.

Choosing review questions There is a distinction between review questions and empirical questions in a research [1]. International Journal of Medical Informatics.

What is literature review in research

There are several narrative reviews in the particular eHealth domain, as in all fields, which follow such an unstructured approach Silva et al. Deshazo J. Last, Bandara, Miskon, and Fielt proposed a structured, predefined and tool-supported method to identify primary studies within a feasible scope, extract relevant content from identified articles, synthesize and analyze the findings, and effectively write and present the results of the literature review. In particular, a similar question can be "How can peer-communication influence to learning java programming in online manner? Despite these criticisms, this type of review can be very useful in gathering together a volume of literature in a specific subject area and synthesizing it. Read them to get a sense of the types of themes you might want to look for in your own research or to identify ways to organize your final review. Does the research seem to be complete?
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Role of Literature Review