History of the conflict in the balkans

Under the terms of the treaty, Greece and Serbia divided up most of Macedonia between themselves, leaving Bulgaria with only a small part of the region.

The Greek army advanced in two directions, entering Salonika on 8 November, and further west, bringing the town of Janina under siege. Milosevic rallied fellow Serbs throughout Yugoslavia with calls for "all Serbs in one state", seen by pro-independence republics and the international community as a bid to create a Greater Serbia by annexing Serb-populated parts of Croatia and Bosnia.

The Greeks had never agreed to any settlement over Macedonia, and also indicated that they would retain the Macedonian areas they had occupied. Following the war, Tito was elected to lead the newly created Yugoslav Federation.

first balkan war

In Bosnia, dozens of ceasefires worked out by international mediators have broken down. Despite such problems as astronomical inflation, the nation held together for a decade after Tito's death in The Romanians sought to obtain southern Dobrudzha to broaden their Black Sea coast and to balance Bulgarian gains elsewhere in the Balkans.

yugoslavia war for dummies

Hostilities among the allies over the Macedonian question escalated throughout the spring of from exchanges of notes to actual shooting. A NATO -facilitated ceasefire was signed on 15 October, but both sides broke it two months later and fighting resumed.

bosnian war

It is estimated that more than 20, women, mostly Muslims, were systematically raped. The heightened tensions in the Balkans reached their climax in World War Iwhich was sparked by the assassination of the Austrian heir-apparent by a Serb in Sarajevo, Bosnia, on June 28, Fighting soon began as the Yugoslav armyconsisting primarily of Serbstried to prevent Slovenia from establishing its own border posts.

It has indicted people, convicted 83 and acquitted

Balkan wars summary

That war ended in after an week bombing campaign by NATO, by which time about 13, lives had been lost and hundreds of thousands had fled their homes. The city's , residents struggled to get basic necessities and at least 10, were killed by sniping and shelling by Serbs. Meanwhile in Bosnia, the most ethnically and religiously diverse Yugoslav republic and home to four million people, Muslims and Croats organised an independence referendum. The Ottomans lost as many as , dead. Under these circumstances, Bulgaria sued for peace. Bosnia won international recognition a day later. Thousands of people were held in camps on all three sides, where many were tortured, starved or executed. Less wealthy Serbia opposed this.
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CNN Balkan Conflict: History