Characteristics of the early 20th century era

Summary[ edit ] Technological advancements during World War I changed the way war was fought, as new inventions such as tankschemical weaponsand aircraft modified tactics and strategy. The Austro-Hungarian and Ottoman empires were dismantled at the war's conclusion.

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NOTE: The s is generally seen as the decade when artistic values gradually changed, from "modernist" to "postmodernist". The nature of innovation and change[ edit ] Due to continuing industrialization and expanding trade, many significant changes of the century were, directly or indirectly, economic and technological in nature.

20th century english literature characteristics pdf

Humans explored space for the first time, taking their first footsteps on the Moon. At the beginning of the century, strong discrimination based on race and sex was significant in general society. Terms like ideology , world war , genocide , and nuclear war entered common usage. How was modernism such a radical departure from what had preceded it in the past? And thus, intuition leads to knowledge. But the s also saw the rise of another high-brow movement known as Minimalism, a form of painting and sculpture purged of all external references or gestures - unlike the emotion-charged idiom of Abstract Expressionism. Whether these images were uniquely non-rational is doubtful. The main contribution of Fauvism to "modern art" was to demonstrate the independent power of colour. Abstract art movements of the time included Cubism , Vorticism , Suprematism , Constructivism , De Stijl , Neo-Plasticism , Elementarism , the Bauhaus and the later St Ives School. Secondly, the new technology quickened the pace through which people experienced life on a day to day basis. Even the realist wing of the Surrealism movement - the biggest movement of the period - could manage no more than a fantasy style of reality. Humanitarian and Democratic Note Modern poetry is marked with a note of humanitarianism and democratic feeling. Diction and Style Modern poets have a preference for simple and direct expression. This obsession with the forbidden and the lurid was tantamount to the re-discovery of passion, a way of life which so many creative people at the time believed to have been repressed or had lain dormant.

Virginia Woolf, too, severely criticised the Edwardian Realism. No more conventional cookie-cutter forms to be superimposed on human expression What were some of the artistic beliefs that the modernists adopted?

Samuel Butler satirized the realism of the modern civilization and its insistence on machinery in Erewhon. But for the modern poet, nature is not a mystic. Furthermore, in explaining the development of personality, Freud expanded man's definition of sexuality to include oral, anal, and other bodily sensations.

In many countries, especially in Europe, the movement was channeled into politics through Green parties. You may also like:.

20th century english literature ppt

First emerging in New York and London during the late s, it became the dominant avant-garde style until the late s. Artists countered with works that were so personal that they distorted the natural appearance of things and with reason. Great Britain had become indistinguishable from the other nations of the Old World, in which an ugly rapacity had never been far from the surface. The realistic writer is one who thinks that truth to observed facts facts about the outer world or his own feelings is the great thing, while an idealist writer wants to create a pleasant picture. Peacekeeping forces consisting of troops provided by various countries, with various United Nations and other aid agencies, helped to relieve famine, disease, and poverty, and to suppress some local armed conflicts. To them, art had real value. These changes took distinct shape in the literature of the 20th century.

In other words, art was supposed to be judged on the standard of how well it realistically reflected what something looked or sounded like. When Did Modern Art End? Ford Madox Ford's classic "The Good Soldier" plays with chronology, jumping back and forth between time periods. They have followed freedom from trammels of verse.

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Modern Art: History, Characteristics, Movements