They used mercy as a tactic as well. On top of all that Archimedes was also an inventor who developed many things including levers which he changed into catapults which he used to help the king of Syracuse to fight the Romans.
Meanwhile the speeches of Demosthenes and his rival Aeschines are asking the critical question of the time, how to deal with the rising power of Phillip of Macedon. The men were massacred and the women and children were made into slaves.
This was known as the 'Doctrine of Ethos' and as an art form it was humanistic, as was poetry, drama, sculpture and the other art of ancient Greece. Thebes under Epaminondas becomes the most powerful city-state though not powerful enough to unite the others.
The Golden Age of Athens was the time period during which Athens enjoyed its greatest successes in various aspects of life. He believed that virtue was the most valuable of all possessions and that the job of a philosopher was to point out to people how little they actually knew.
His student and then fellow philosopher Aristotle was more of a materialist and he believed in putting everything in categories and was the inventor of logic.
They used limestone in Italy and Sicily, marble in the Greek islands and Asia Minor, and limestone covered with marble on the Greek mainland. He believed in a higher reality of which the material world is just a manifestation.
Supporting pillars in female form hold up the Erechtheoin porch in Athens.